The list of cloud types groups the main genera as high cirrus, cirro, middle alto, multilevel nimbostratus, cumulus, cumulonimbus, and low stratus, strato according to the altitude level or levels at which each cloud is normally found. Many water droplets formed together scatter reflect sunlight and you see a white could, but with a dark or gray cloud, the sunlight is scattered in all. Kids learn about clouds including how they form, levels, fun facts, and types of clouds such as cirrus, cumulus, and stratus. The cloud facts listed below with help you learn what a cloud is, the different types of clouds, how a cloud forms, the different types of altitudes youll find certain types of clouds and other cloud facts. Of the ten main cloud types, only two are consistent precipitation producers. Cloud types genera clouds are grouped in three main classes, based on where they are located in the atmosphere low, middle or high. Fun cloud facts for kids interesting information about clouds.
Stratus clouds are flat and look like big white sheets of paper floating through the sky. Yet, only in the last few centuries have we begun to understand the complex interaction of forces which forms and shapes clouds. Gray clouds become so filled with water that they dont reflect light. Clouds are divided into three or four main types scientists do not always agree. The 10 basic types of clouds and how to recognize them. Watch cirrus clouds move across the sky and youll know where the next weather pattern is coming from. Common types of clouds image science for kids all about. They are full of moisture, and when they arrive, lowerlevel stratus clouds. We hope these facts about clouds are helpful and help you learn more about this fascinating metrological event. Water on the earth evaporates turns into an invisible gas and rises up into the sky. There are a range of different types of clouds, the main types include stratus, cumulus and cirrus. The clouds that crate the halo are very highaltitude stratus clouds known as cirrostratus clouds. The location of clouds is above the surface of earth. Surface 2 km surface 7,000 ft clouds with vertical growth.
Clouds are white because they reflect light from the sun. When this happens, the cumulus clouds become cumulonimbus clouds. A cloud is water in the atmosphere air that we can see. The world meteorological organization wmo has extended luke howards classifications to make 10 main groups of clouds, called genera. They look like a big, rippling sheet across the sky.
Mammatus clouds are actually altocumulus, cirrus, cumulonimbus, or other types of clouds that have these pouchlike shapes hanging out of the bottom. Types of clouds for kidscloud facts for kids youtube. Watching the clouds is not only fun, but it can give you clues about what kinds of weather are coming. Some clouds you see in the sky might be from airplanes. If the cloud is very thick and heavy, the sunlight is scattered from above and the clouds look grey or black. From the world meteorological organizations wmo international cloud atlas, the official worldwide standard for clouds, the following are definitions of the ten basic cloud types. Cumulus, the clouds like soft white cushions that we know best of all. Clouds are classified according to how they look and how high the base of the cloud is in the sky. A cloud is a large group of tiny water droplets that we can see in the air. Read on and learn everything youve ever wanted to know about clouds.
The following table places these cloud types into the four major cloud groups. Cloud types and precipitation there are ten main cloud types, which are further divided into 27 sub types according to their height shape, colour and associated weather, clouds are categorised as low from the earths surface to 2. The pouches are created when cold air within the cloud sinks down toward the earth. Nimbostratus are responsible for continuous precipitation where cumulonimbus are more likely associated with more dramatic weather, including quickhitting extreme downpours. These clouds align into rows and are caused by convection in the atmosphere. The fluffy, cauliflowershaped cumulus is one of the most common and distinctive types of cloud. They combine with other droplets of water to form clouds. Nasas earth observatory estimates that at any given time, around 67% of earths surface is covered by cloud. Learn about different types of clouds, how clouds form, what they are made of, clouds on other planets and more. The meteorologist classifies clouds mainly by their appearance, according to an international system similar to one proposed in 1803. Clouds look like they weigh little more than a tuft of cotton, but theyre heavier than they look.
Private cloud its designed for internal use by a single organization. There are many different types of clouds, each with an unique shape and location in the sky. There are several different types of clouds, but the four main types of clouds are stratus, cirrus, alto, and cumulus. Since stratus clouds are dull, gray, and featureless, nimbostratus clouds can be seen on gray, rainy days. There are different sorts of clouds because the air where they form can be still or moving forward or up and down at different speeds. When the air gets the water vapor and cools, the cloud is formed above earth. As the suns lightwaves pass through the atmosphere and clouds, they meet the individual water droplets that make up a cloud. For example, a nimbostratus cloud is a stratus cloud that will cause rain or snow. A cumulonimbus cloud means trouble rain or snow storm, hail or tornados. In this activity, kids build a cloud finder and identify what clouds they see outside. But because the dimensions, shape, structure, and texture of clouds are influenced by the kind of air movements that result in their formation and growth and by the properties of the cloud particles, much of what was originally a.
Storm clouds move at a much slower speedabout 30 miles per hour. Any cloud with the prefix nimbo or the suffix nimbus is a type of rain cloud. Based on observatory data between 2002 and 2015, nasas aqua satellite image below clearly shows three zones which are the cloudiest, over the midlatitudes and over the equator. Fog is a shallow layer of cloud at or near ground level. For thousands of years, mankind has gazed skyward with a mixture of awe and wonder at the beauty and variety of clouds such as these 5 rare mindblowing cloud types. It simply means that we are using the internet to store data on remote servers, rather than storing them locally on our hard disks. These clouds lack definition and usually appear from the ground as a thin haze.
The cloud facts listed below with help you learn what a cloud is, the different types of clouds, how a cloud forms, the different types of altitudes youll find certain. The clouds look white because of the sunlight from above reflecting from them. Check out our fun cloud facts for kids and enjoy a range of interesting information about clouds. Because the water droplets have a similar size as the wavelength of sunlight, the droplets scatter the suns light in a type of scattering known as mie scattering in which all wavelengths of light are scattered. Cloud, any visible mass of water droplets, ice crystals, or a mixture of both that is suspended in the air, usually at a considerable height see video.
Altostratus cloud is large sheet of clouds that covers a large area of the sky. Fun cloud facts for kids interesting information about. Learn about stratocumulus clouds, including cloud description and facts, images, how to best identify them, and their species, varieties, and features. Here is a great lesson plan focusing on different types of clouds, how they are formed, and what they indicate about the weather. According to the world meteorological organizations international cloud atlas, more than 100 types of clouds exist. These clouds carry water droplets and ice crystals with them, and that is why it rains when you see them above you. Cloud types and precipitation bureau of meteorology. Get a description of stratocumulus clouds, including pictures and images of various stratocumulus characteristics, their altitude levels, and more. If so, heres a primer on the 12 types of clouds youre most likely to see in the spring and summer months and what they mean for the weather. Jul 11, 2017 this is the type of cloud that you will see every time before rain is about to pour down. A fun filled lesson on everything about clouds including how they form, what clouds are made of, the different types of clouds, and more.
If these clouds are present in the morning, there is a good chance of a thunderstorm in the afternoon. Cloud types climate, weather and cloud types bbc bitesize. The latin names are used to call the types of clouds that you find in. When warm air rises, swells and cools, it forms clouds. Click to read the fact file or download the complete worksheet collection. It was not until 1802 that luke howard started classifying clouds into groups.
The many variations, however, can be grouped into one of 10 basic types depending on their general shape and height in the sky. These are divided into three levels cloud low cl, cloud medium cm and cloud high ch according to the part of the atmosphere in which they are usually found. Nov 16, 2019 learn about all the types of clouds within the three cloud type levels highlevel, midlevel and lowlevel. High level cirrus clouds may travel at speeds up to 100 mph. The other kinds of clouds are combinations of the three main types of clouds. Cloud formation facts pictures of clouds clouds types. This triple division of clouds is based on the range or altitude etage, level on which a cloud genus normally occurs. Sailors have known for ages that a halo around the sun is the harbinger of bad weather. What are some interesting facts about stratus clouds. Added information about the origin of the modern nomenclature system for clouds, attributed to luke howard user. Public cloud this refers to the model with which the services are delivered across the internet. This is a pdf file, so you need to have adobe acrobat reader.
Hybrid cloud this is when a company uses both a public and a private cloud. In addition to cirrus, stratus, cumulus, and nimbus clouds, there are cirrostratus, cirrocumulus, altostratus, altocumulus, stratocumulus, nimbostratus, and cumulonimbus clouds. Colorful clouds and calm water create a striking sunset scene for canoeists on winisk. While most clouds we see are made up of tiny liquid water droplets, there is one common type of cloud thats made of ice. Even though clouds float in the air, a single cumulus cloud can weigh hundreds of tons. They are big, white, and cottony anddepending on your. The different categories of clouds are then given names based on latin words, eg nimbus clouds bring rain, stratus clouds appear. Clouds are made up of very light water droplets or ice crystals.787 345 540 948 997 1500 518 1400 1221 1212 1049 360 1437 730 69 563 613 661 1480 578 673 1395 528 523 1393 1492 353 75 1414 118 834 1333 338 978 492