Primary childhood immunisation schedule this page provides a brief summary of the disease and the vaccine that is available to prevent it. The government advises all pregnant women have the seasonal flu jab dh 2017. The flu chapter of the green book has been updated to reflect the latest guidance from the joint committee on vaccination and immunisation in readiness. Your doctor may prescribe antiviral medicines such as tamiflu, which is safe to take during pregnancy. This treatment summary topic describes influenza vaccine. Flu season can begin as early as october and last as late as may. When your body senses something like a virus that can harm your health, your immune system works hard to fight the virus. Flu flu symptoms stomach flu influenza medlineplus. Flu shots are safe for both mother and baby, and can be given at any stage of pregnancy. Apr 22, 2020 you should get a flu shot and whooping cough vaccine also called tdap during each pregnancy to help protect yourself and your baby. Mar 20, 20 the flu chapter of the green book has been updated to reflect the latest guidance from the joint committee on vaccination and immunisation in readiness for the 2015 to 2016 influenza season. Influenza immunisation information including updates for public health professionals.
Malaria in pregnancy, diagnosis and treatment greentop. Jun, 2018 vaccination is the best way of protecting a pregnant mum against the potentially severe consequences of flu in pregnancy. Seasonal influenza the flu this sheet talks about exposure to seasonal influenza in a pregnancy and while breastfeeding. Viral gastroenteritis stomach flu symptoms and causes. This book provides information on many aspects of pregnancy and a list of useful organisations. The recently published study covered three flu seasons 2012, 2014, 201415 looking for any increased risk for miscarriage among pregnant women who had received a flu vaccine during their pregnancy. Whilst also suitable for this age group, the newly licenced high dose trivalent influenza vaccine tivhd is not eligible for reimbursement under the nhs flu vaccination programme because it has a significantly higher list price. Influenza a and influenza b are responsible for most clinical illness. Chapter 19 of the green book, which addresses influenza in the uk for public health professionals, has been updated. Burden of illness pregnant women women are more vulnerable to severe illness from influenza during pregnancy, especially late pregnancy. May 06, 2017 catching the flu is never good, and especially not when youre expecting. This makes a pregnant woman more likely to get the flu and other diseases pregnant women are more likely than nonpregnant women their age to become very ill if they get the flu.
Infants in england are unable to receive the flu vaccination until they are six months old and only if they are in a clinical risk group, or ages two to seventeen years old otherwise. Being very sick from the flu may increase the chance of pregnancy complications such as pregnancy loss or delivery before 37 weeks of pregnancy premature delivery. Common flu symptoms include fever, achiness, fatigue, headache, and a runny nose. Coverage data and past trends of flu vaccination coverage in the u. Flu shots are safe for both mother and baby, and can be given at.
In england, influenza vaccination in pregnancy has been offered since 2010. A flu shot is the best way to protect you and your baby against flu. A flu shot will also protect your baby from flu after birth. The study found no increased risk for miscarriage after flu vaccination during pregnancy. Recommended composition of influenza virus vaccines for use in the 20192020 northern. Mar 20, 2019 this book provides information on many aspects of pregnancy and a list of useful organisations. Pregnant women who get a flu shot get sick less often with the flu than do those who didnt get one. When your body senses something like a virus that can harm your health, your immune system works hard to. During pregnancy, it is harder for a womans immune system to fight infections. Pgd template whooping cough vaccination programme for pregnant women. Exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period can reduce the physical discomforts associated with pregnancy and can promote a faster return to prepregnancy fitness levels. Overview and map of current influenza activity in the u.
Jul 10, 2019 the net result is a resounding lack of evidence of harm from flu vaccination in pregnancy. Influenza is highly infectious with a usual incubation period of one to three days. But it can also be serious or even deadly, especially for people over 65, newborn babies, and people with certain chronic illnesses. Influenza and other respiratory viruses 0000, 000000. Influenza april 2019 19 influenza the disease influenza is an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract. Vaccination in pregnancy protects the pregnant woman, foetus and new born infant from harmful diseases. The australian immunisation handbook, 10th edition. No elevated risk was found for cancer, infections, neurodevelopmental problems, chronic diseases, or all cause morbidity or mortality in the children of vaccinated mothers. Having the flu vaccine can stop you from catching flu kay and blish 2015, phe 2015. Influenza vaccine treatment summary bnf content published by. The 2019 edition is substantially revised from previous years. Do this at the earliest opportunity before the flu vaccination season starts in september, and ideally by the end of december. The net result is a resounding lack of evidence of harm from flu vaccination in pregnancy. Hps website green book chapter on influenza updated.
Shots health news researchers and physicians say a study suggesting a link between the flu vaccine and miscarriage in a. Influenza vaccination formulary recommendations 1819 nhs. The flu jab will help protect both you and your baby. Influenza vaccination of pregnant women during any stage of pregnancy has been found to be highly effective in preventing influenza and its complications in the woman and her baby, during pregnancy and for up to six months after birth by the passive protection passed on to the baby in utero, through the placenta.
Your gp or midwife can give you more advice about vaccinations during pregnancy. Webmd explains the risk of flu during pregnancy and tells you how to prevent and treat this illness to minimize problems. Call your doctor immediately if youre pregnant and have flulike symptoms. Malaria in pregnancy, diagnosis and treatment green top guideline no.
One of the most common complications of flu is bronchitis, a chest infection that can become serious and develop into pneumonia. Seasonal influenza vaccination programme 20192020 hse. The study found no differences between the two groups in the rates of premature delivery or small for gestational age infants. It is important to talk with your healthcare provider if you are pregnant and have symptoms of the flu. Equally suitable, is the newly licenced cellbased quadrivalent influenza vaccine qivc. The pages listed below offer public health and health care professionals key information about vaccination, infection control, prevention, treatment, and diagnosis of seasonal influenza. But for a variety of reasons, vaccine uptake is poor. Mar 20, 20 pertussis vaccination in pregnancy, dtapipv boostrixipv or repevax. Cases of the flu are caused by an array of influenza viruses.
The flu chapter of the green book has been updated to reflect the latest guidance from the joint committee on vaccination and immunisation in readiness for the 2015 to 2016 influenza season. Advising pregnant women on vaccinations nursing in practice. Influenza vaccination of pregnant women during any stage of pregnancy has been found to be highly effective in preventing influenza and its complications in the woman and her baby, during pregnancy and for up to six months after birth by the passive protection passed on to. The 2009 pandemic served as a strong reminder that influenza. Annual national flu programme letter 2019 to 2020 nhs england. Immunisation against infectious diseases the green book. Pertussis vaccination in pregnancy, dtapipv boostrixipv or repevax. Managing the flu while pregnant and steps to treating it. Seasonal influenza vaccination for pregnant women centers for disease. Healthcare practitioners should refer to the green book influenza. A vsd study nordin et al, 2014 external icon compared pregnant women who received the flu shot with an equal number of pregnant women who did not receive the flu shot during the 200405 and 200809 flu seasons. Watkins, md, facp, fidsa, an associate professor at the northeast ohio medical university. Pregnant women should be offered inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine as the risk of serious.
The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza virusesso contagious, in fact, it can be transmitted through droplets in the air when infected people cough, sneeze or talk from as far as six feet away, says infectious disease specialist richard r. The flu, also called influenza, is a respiratory infection caused by viruses. Greene advises parents how to make healthy green choices for pregnancy, childbirth, and baby carefrom feeding your baby the best food available to using medicines wisely. The national flu immunisation programme 201920 3 vaccines. This information should not take the place of medical care and advice from your healthcare provider. These recommendations are for providers of flu vaccination 1. Your immune system is your bodys way of protecting itself from illnesses and diseases.
The best thing you can do to stay healthy during flu season is to get a flu shot as early as possible. Prevention and control of seasonal influenza with vaccines. Each year, millions of americans get sick with the flu. Viral gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection marked by watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea or vomiting, and sometimes fever. The flu can be dangerous during pregnancy because pregnancy affects your immune system, heart and lungs. There is good evidence that pregnant women have a higher chance of developing complications if they get flu, particularly in the later stages of pregnancy. If you are pregnant, the flu is more dangerous for you. Because the influenza virus is constantly mutating, there are an unlimited number of flu viruses which also explains why the flu vaccine is different each year and why even if youve had the shot in the past, you need to get a new one each flu season. Updates have been made to the typhoid chapter in the green book immunisation against infectious disease the minimum age for vivotif oral typhoid vaccine has been lowered to 5 years in line with the summary of product characteristics 1, 2. Pregnancy tips on health, your body, preparing for a baby. Jan 02, 2020 the pages listed below offer public health and health care professionals key information about vaccination, infection control, prevention, treatment, and diagnosis of seasonal influenza. A flu shot is still essential for pregnant women, obstetricians say.
The module has been developed by the workplace health and wellbeing unit to educate and inform healthcare workers about the flu vaccine. Flu vaccines have changed dramatically in the past 10 years in response to concerns about global flu pandemics like the h1n1 swine flu outbreak in. Flu can really lay you low when youre pregnant, so take it easy. Vaccination is the best way of protecting a pregnant mum against the potentially severe consequences of flu in pregnancy. This is because flu is dangerous during pregnancy, both for you and your baby, and the virus is easily spread through.
Influenza is an infection of the respiratory breathing tract. Pertussis whooping cough immunisation information for public health professionals, including updates. The influenza chapter in immunisation against infectious disease the green book, which is updated regularly, gives detailed descriptions of the groups outlined above and guidance for healthcare workers on administering the flu vaccine. The recommendations are based on the chapter influenza in the public health england phe document immunisation against infectious disease the green book, the phe guidance the national childhood flu immunisation programme 201920. For highincome countries, world health organization who recommends pregnant women are vaccinated against influenza and pertussis.
October or november is the best time to get vaccinated, but you can get the shot as long as its being offered. Pertussis vaccination coverage in pregnancy in england has recently been increasing. From what to expect each week to how to prepare for labor and beyond, heres the info you need. Influenza chapter of the green book can be found at.
Recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices united states, 201920 influenza season 82319. Immunisation jcvi and include older people, pregnant women, and those. Flu can be life threatening for pregnant women and their baby. It is available to expectant mothers resident in northern ireland through primary care services antenatal clinics, gps or health visitors. Learn more about the flu vaccine and how flu can be prevented this winter. Pregnancy is a crucial time for immunization health nongovernment one of the most important times in a womans life to be fully immunized against disease is during her pregnancy. Changes in immune, heart and lung functions during pregnancy make you more likely to get seriously ill from the flu. Pregnant women are more likely to develop serious complications from the flu.
The p3t program is designed for pregnant and postpartum soldiers and is a proven resource for maintaining fitness during and after pregnancy. Getting vaccinated during pregnancy also gives your baby protection against the flu virus for the first few months after hes born dh 2017, kay and blish 2015, nhs 2016a, phe 2015. Strategies for increasing uptake of vaccination in. In april 2012, a pertussis outbreak occurred in england with. Even if you are generally healthy, changes in immune, heart and lung functions during pregnancy can make you more likely to get seriously ill from the flu. Pregnant women who get the flu are at higher risk of hospitalization, and even death, than nonpregnant women. Vaccines for the national flu immunisation programme 10. Contraindications and special considerations in addition, immunisation with live vaccines should be delayed until 6 months of age in children born to mothers who received immunosuppressive biological therapy during pregnancy. Links to more detailed information are provided at the bottom of the page. This is because flu is dangerous during pregnancy, both for you and your baby, and the virus is easily spread through coughs and sneezes.1067 354 257 341 599 274 849 269 402 998 1053 480 867 1360 125 914 26 181 331 690 1245 431 601 472 813 1295 633 629 712 210 149 123 532 1107 169 392 957 630 128 513 1164 309 1074 811 826 987 86